Power and Leadership Differences

Power and Leadership Differences
The success of a leader is largely determined by his ability to understand the situation and skills in determining the right type of power to respond to the demands of the situation.
Therefore, power is often seen as equality of leadership. Though power cannot be equated with leadership. Some differences between the two, are:
Power does not demand compatibility of targets, but merely demands dependence. Whereas leadership demands compatibility between the leaders' goals and their followers.
Power can be used by individuals or groups to control other individuals or groups. Whereas leadership only focuses on downward influence (subordinates), and minimizes the pattern of influence to the side or parallel and upward.
To obtain compliance, power emphasizes the tactics used. Whereas leadership emphasizes more on the interpersonal style.

Legitimacy of Power
In government it has a different meaning: "power" is defined as "the ability to influence someone to be able to do something if done", but this "authority" will refer to claims of legitimacy, rights and justification to exercise power.
For example, the public is allowed to have the power to punish criminals with capital punishment without a trial, whereas civilized people believe in the rule of law and the law and assume that only in a court according to law can have the authority to order the death penalty.

Power is positive
It is an ability that is bestowed by God to an individual as the highest authority that can influence and change the thinking of another person or group to do what is desired by the authority holder seriously and or not because of coercion both physically and mentally. But not in power a ruling has authority, because the authority is special.

Negative Power
It is the nature or time of someone who is arrogant, apathetic, and selfish in influencing others to take action that they want to hold to power by force or pressure both mentally and physically.
Usually power holders who have negative traits do not have good intellectual and emotional intelligence, they only think short in making decisions without having to do sharp thinking in decision making,
they cannot even carry out the commands they command to others who are under their control due to limited thinking power. And generally power with a negative character is only looking for personal gain / group above his power.

Authority of Power
Authority is a right that has been established in a social order to establish policies, determine decisions regarding important issues, and to resolve conflicts. There are three kinds of authority, namely:

Charismatic authority (charismatic authority)
Charismatic authority is an authority based on charisma, which is a special ability (revelation, pulung) that exists in a person. Charismatic authority takes the form of an authority for the person himself and can be exercised against a group of people or even the largest part of society.

Traditional Authority (traditional authority)
The characteristics of traditional authority are:
There are traditional provisions that bind the authorities who have the authority, as well as other people in the community
There is a higher authority than the position of someone who is personally present
As long as there is no conflict with traditional provisions, people can act freely.
Rational / Legal Authority (rational / legal authority)
Rational / legal authority is the authority that is based on the legal system in force in society. The legal system here is understood as rules that have been recognized and adhered to by the community and even those that have been strengthened by the state.